Irregular menstrual periods or heavy menstrual periods, mainly referred as abnormal uterine bleeding, are most common concerns for many women. Every woman experiences this specific problem at least once during her entire reproductive years.
More often adolescents in the first few years of menstrual cycle and women after 45 years of age become victims for abnormal or dysfunctional uterine bleeding.
The reason behind dysfunctional uterine bleeding is quite simple. It mainly occurs due to imbalance of most crucial female hormones, estrogen and progesterone.
Role of estrogen and progesterone!
Estrogen is the most crucial hormone which stimulates the growth of uterine lining. Usually, when you have dysfunctional uterine bleeding, you can have periods longer than usual. As a result, the lining of your uterus is exposed to estrogen for longer periods of time.
Once when the ovulation takes place, another important female hormone namely progesterone is produced by your ovary.
This progesterone mainly prepares uterine lining for menstruation and clears off entire surface neatly within few days. So, when there is an imbalance of these major hormones in your body, it results in abnormal uterine bleeding and there will be no monthly release of egg.
Steady exposure of your uterine lining to estrogen, without action of progesterone results in abnormal bleeding. This kind of abnormal bleeding is mainly characterized by bleeding from one area for some time, which will be followed by bleeding in some other area for next few days.
Other uterine bleeding disorders!
Dysfunctional uterine bleeding (DUB) disorder is quite similar with other types of uterine bleeding disorders. Sometimes DUB overlaps with other uterine bleeding disorders and causes great discomfort for you. Certain most common uterine bleeding disorders that usually overlap with DUB include:
- Menorrhagia: This is the term used mainly for abnormally long and heavy periods. At times, this type of menstrual problems can also become a sign for DUB. In menorrhagia, you can get periods regularly, but usually lasts for more than seven days. Passing blood clots is quite common and almost 15-20% of women experience this specific type of uterine bleeding disorders, which interferes with your regular activities.
- Polymenorrhea: With this type of uterine bleeding disorders, you can probably suffer with too frequent periods. Ovulation doesn’t take place during regular menstrual cycle, but get periods more often for every 21 days.
- Metorrhagia: If you are suffering with uterine bleeding between menstrual periods, it is mainly referred as metorrhagia. With this specific condition, you can experience heavy irregular bleeding.
These are few uterine bleeding disorders that can possibly overlap with your dysfunctional uterine bleeding. So, be aware with all these conditions and whenever you experience any of these conditions, immediately consult your personal doctor to avoid further complications in your reproductive health.